The Exhibit of American Negroes
WORLD'S FAIR, PARIS 1900
Introduction The Georgia NegroBlack CollegesBlack Life and CultureBlack Literature

Exposition Universelle—World's Fair, Paris 1900
DuBois—On the Sociology of American Blacks • Awards Received by the Exhibit • References and Credits

References

Introduction

1. W. E. B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk (1903).

2. For background on DuBois the best starting point is his first autobiography, Dusk of Dawn: An Essay Toward an Autobiography of a Race Concept, introduction by Irene Diggs (New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Books, 1984), which was first published in 1940. A second autobiography, which included much of the same material as Dusk of Dawn, is The Autobiography of W. E. B. DuBois: A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of Its First Century (New York: International Publishers, 1968). This second autobiography appeared five years after DuBois died. Thus, he did not have editorial control over its final content.

The major scholarly and biographical studies of DuBois include: Francis Broderick, W. E. B. DuBois, Negro Leader in a Time of Crisis (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 1959); Elliott Rudwick, W. E. B. DuBois: A Study in Minority Group Leadership (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1960); Elliott Rudwick, W. E. B. DuBois (New York: Atheneum, 1968); Virginia Hamilton, W. E. B. DuBois (New York: T. Y. Crowell, 1972); Virginia Hamilton, Black Titan: W. E. B. DuBois (Boston: Beacon Press, 1970); and David Levering Lewis, W. E. B. DuBois: Biography of a Race (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1993).

DuBois's correspondence has been published in a three volume collection under the title The Correspondence of W. E. B. DuBois (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1973-78). Invaluable for any work on DuBois is Herbert Aptheker's Annotated Bibliography of the Published Writings of W. E. B. DuBois (Millwood, N.Y.: Kraus-Thomason Organization, 1973).

3. W. E. B. DuBois, "The American Negro at Paris," The American Monthly Review of Reviews, Vol. XXII, #5 (November 1900).

W. E. B. DuBois—On The Sociology of American Blacks

1. For background on DuBois as a sociologist see: W. E. B. DuBois: On Sociology and the Black Community, edited and with an introduction by Dan S. Green and Edwin D. Driver (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1978).

2. W. E. B. DuBois, The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study (1899; reprint, New York: Benjamin Blom, 1967).

3. "The Atlanta Conferences," Voice of the Negro (March 1904). Reprinted in W. E. B. DuBois On Sociology and the Black Community, edited and with an introducation by Dan S. Green and Edwin D. Driver (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1978). The subjects of the conferences included studies on black business; black artisans; black economic cooperation and social self-improvement organizations; college-educated blacks; public education for blacks; issues related to health, crime, and morality in the black community; black family life; and the role of black churches. The annual reports from the conference were republished in a multi-volume series in 1969 by Russell & Russell, New York, under the title The Atlantic University Publications.

4. "The Study of Negro Problems," The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,11 (January 1898), reprinted in W. E. B. DuBois on Sociology and the Black Community, edited and with an introduction by Dan S. Green and Edwin D. Driver (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1978).

5. "The Atlanta Conferences," Voice of the Negro (March 1904). Reprinted in W. E. B. DuBois On Sociology and the Black Community.

5. W. E. B. DuBois, "The Study of Negro Problems."

6. "The Atlanta Conferences," Voice of the Negro (March 1904). Reprinted in W. E. B. DuBois On Sociology and the Black Community.

7. W. E. B. DuBois, "The Study of Negro Problems."

8. "The Atlanta Conferences," Voice of the Negro (March 1904). Reprinted in W. E. B. DuBois On Sociology and the Black Community.

9. W. E. B. DuBois, "The Conservation of the Races," American Negro Academy, Occasional Papers, No. 2, (1897), reprinted in W. E. B. DuBois, Writings (New York: The Library of America, 1986).

The Georgia Negro Exhibit

1. William Edgar Burghardt DuBois, The Autobiography of W. E. B. DuBois: A Soliloquy on Viewing My Life from the Last Decade of Its First Century.

Awards Received by the Exhibit of American Negroes at the Paris Exposition, Paris, France, 1900

1. William Edgar Burghardt DuBois, "The American Negro at Paris," The American Monthly Review of Reviews, Vol. XXII, New York, #5, (November 1900), pp. 575-577. W. E. B. DuBois commented on the awards given to the exhibit:

Exposition Universelle—World's Fair, Paris 1900

1. The most comprehensive book (in English) that describes the Paris 1900 World's Fair is Richard D. Marshall's Paris 1900: The Great World's Fair (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1967).


Credits

This reconstruction of The Exhibit of the American Negroes was created by Professor Eugene F. Provenzo Jr., School of Education, University of Miami. Asterie Baker Provenzo provided editorial assistance. Special thanks go to Dr. Spencer R. Crew of the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution; Bob Smith of the African-American Educational Archives, Detroit, Michigan; Dr. Thomas Battle and Jean Curie Church of the Moorland-Spingarn Collection, Howard University; and the staffs of the Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library, and the Prints and Photographic Division, Library of Congress.

Photographic reproductions and cost were funded in part through a University of Miami, Max Orovitz Research Funding Award sponsored through the office of Provost Luis Glaser. Thanks go to Provost Glaser and Dean Sam Yarger, School of Education, for their ongoing support of this project.

 


Copyright © 2005 by Facts On File, Inc., and Eugene Provenzo.
African-American History & Culture. Copyright © 2005 by Facts On File, Inc.