In July 1777, during the Revolutionary War, 20-year-old Jane MacCrea, on her way from Fort Edward, New York, to marry the Tory officer David Jones under British general John Burgoyne, was abducted, killed, and scalped by her two Indian escorts, probably from an Algonquian tribe. It was reported that her long hair made her a tempting target for scalping. When General Burgoyne, fearing the loss of Indian allegiance, pardoned those who had killed MacCrea, her death became a rallying cry for anti-British and anti-Indian sentiment and helped raise Patriot troops. The incident may have inspired the fictional account of the murder of the character Cora in James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. The killing of Jane MacCrea was also the subject of a 1784 novel by Michel Rene Hilliard d'Auberteuil entitled Miss McCrea; a Novel of the American Revolution, and the basis for John Vanderlyn's painting The Death of Jane M'Crea.